By design, cash transfers let recipients use money for whatever is most important to them.

Innovations for Poverty Action’s evaluation of our transfers in Kenya found increases in expenditure across all categories measured, including food, medical and education expenses, durables, home improvement, and social events.

It also found large increases in income and in asset holdings, in particular livestock, furniture, and iron roofs.

In addition to this research on GiveDirectly’s transfers, there is a large body of research from around the world documenting the impacts of cash transfers on low-income households.

See GDLive for a good idea of how cash is being spent in real time.

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